Last week, I asked my apologetics students to explain to me what God is like. They mentioned a lot of words like perfect, loving, all-knowing, all-powerful, etc. At one point, I added, “And He is infinite.” My students looked at me with big eyes, not understanding what I meant. It was then that I realized they had no idea what it means for God to be infinite. They have only heard sayings like “To infinity and beyond” by Toy Story‘s Buzz Lightyear.
So today, let’s take a look at God’s infinite nature, and why it matters to us.
Webster’s dictionary defines infinite as “without boundaries or limits; immeasurably great; unlimited in spatial extent.” Thus, the infinite nature of God means He has no limits whatsoever. You can name any of God’s traits or powers, and none would have a limit or boundary. This is why Job poses this challenge in Job 11:7, “Can you fathom the mysteries of God? Can you probe the limits of the Almighty?”
A logical way to think of God’s infinite nature is this: All things in the universe are finite – they have a beginning and an end. Whether it be an action, object, situation, or life span. Yet, in order to have finite things, there must have been an infinite Creator to create such. Consider our teleological argument post on Fibonacci numbers, which argues that in order to have an infinite mathematics equation that can be applied in artistry, architecture, and nature, we must have an infinite God. Thus, He is the infinite Creator to us, the finite things.
Check out these verses concerning the Lord’s infinitude:
- “I am the Alpha and the Omega, says the Lord God, who is and who was, and who is to come. The Almighty.” Revelation 1:8
- “Great is our Lord and abundant in strength; His understanding is infinite.” Psalm 147:5
- “But will God indeed dwell on the earth? Behold, heaven and the highest heaven cannot contain You, how much less this house which I have built!” 1 Kings 8:27
- “The LORD is high above all nations; His glory is above the heavens. Who is like the LORD our God, Who is enthroned on high, Who humbles Himself to behold The things that are in heaven and in the earth?” Psalm 113:4-6
- “For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, declares the Lord. For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways and my thoughts than your thoughts.” Isaiah 55:8–9
- “Oh, the depth of the riches and wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are his judgments and how inscrutable his ways!” Romans 11:33
- “The God who made the world and everything in it is the Lord of heaven and earth and does not live in temples built by human hands. And he is not served by human hands, as if he needed anything. Rather, he himself gives everyone life and breath and everything else.” Acts 17:24-25
- “Behold, these are but the outskirts of his ways, and how small a whisper do we hear of him! But the thunder of his power who can understand?” Job 26:14
There are three main areas in which God is infinite, which I call “the three areas of infinity”. They are His omnipresence, omniscience, and omnipotence. Omni means all, so the three can be technically translated to: all present, all knowing, and all powerful. Remember that I have already explained omnipresence and omniscience.
God is not contained in anything, because He is the Creator of all that contains, such as space, time, and matter. Thus, His lack of containment allows Him to be present in all these things at one time, because of His infinite omnipresence. God has no limits on what He knows, because His knowledge is infinite. God’s unlimited powers allows Him to be sovereign over His creation and what occurs in our lives.
Men object to these three areas, because they sound like God is the puppeteer, and we His puppets. Yet, remember how I have explained that these are actually positives for us. For example, concerning His omnipresence, He is always with us, so we never have to feel lonely. Concerning His omniscience, He knows everything about us, so He knows exactly what we are going through. Concerning God’s omnipotence, God is in control of all things, which means nothing that happens to us is by change or accident.
God’s infinite nature also means that His love for us has no boundaries. Take a look:
- “Your love, Lord, reaches to the heavens, your faithfulness to the skies.” Psalm 36:5, 57:10, 108:4
- “For I am convinced that neither death nor life, neither angels nor demons, neither the present nor the future, nor any powers, neither height nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God that is in Christ Jesus our Lord.” Romans 8:38-39
- “Give thanks to the God of heaven. His love endures forever.” Psalm 136:26
- “Dear friends, let us love one another, for love comes from God. Everyone who loves has been born of God and knows God. Whoever does not love does not know God, because God is love.” 1 John 4:7-8
- “I have loved you with an everlasting love; I have drawn you with unfailing kindness.” Jeremiah 31:3
God’s infinite nature also means His grace is infinite. Consider 1 Corinthians 12:9, “My grace is sufficient for you, for my power is made perfect in weakness.” We can never run out of God’s grace, nor do we need withdraw more grace. His grace is infinite and has already been given to us.
By the power of Holy Spirit, we are able to freely show the fruits of the Spirit without limit, these being “love, joy, peace, forbearance, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness and self-control” (Galatians 5:22-23). Paul says that “against such things there is no law” (verse 23), meaning we are not limited or bound in how we can show these fruits. Although we are not infinite but definitely finite, God enables us to be gracious and loving endlessly to others, as long as we only allow His Spirit to move through us.
Finally, God’s infinite nature enabled Him to provide salvation to us. Bad things happen because sin came into this world, corrupting God’s creation, which He had deemed “good” (Genesis 1:10, 1:12, 1:18, 1:21, 1:25, 1:31; Romans 8:19-22). If God had somehow been limited in His power or love for us, He would (1) have been unable to defeat death and provide salvation, and (2) not have felt led to give up His only Son for us. But rather, 2 Timothy 1:10 says Jesus “abolished death and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel”, and God in “his great love for us…made us alive with Christ even when we were dead in transgressions” (Ephesians 2:4-5).
What does God’s infinitude mean for you? Tell us in the comments!